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Steven Armstrong


Steven Armstrong is Professor of Organizational Behaviour at Hull University Business School in the UK. His primary research interests focus on the relevance of cognitive style for improvements in workplace effectiveness but he is also interested in the scholarship of learning and teaching in a management context. He has published three books and more than 40 book chapters/journal articles. Recent publications have appeared in the Academy of Management Learning and Education, Journal of Management Studies, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, International Journal of Management Reviews, British Journal of Education Psychology, Journal of Business and Psychology, Small Group Research, Educational Psychology, Education Studies, and Learning & Individual Differences.

Recent Publications Relevant to ELSIN Include: 

Armstrong, S.J., Peterson, E.R., & Rayner, S.G. (forthcoming). Understanding and defining ‘cognitive style’ and ‘learning style’: A Delphi Study. Educational Studies.

Armstrong, S.J., Cools, E. & Sadler-Smith, E. (2011). The role of cognitive styles in business and management: Reviewing 40-years of research. International Journal of Management Reviews. DOI: 10.111/j.1468-2370.2011.00315.x

Armstrong, S.J., van der Heijden, B.I.J.M., & Sadler-Smith, E. (2011). Intellectual styles, management of careers, and improved work performance. In L. Zhang, R. Sternberg, & S.G. Rayner’s (Eds.) Handbook of Intellectual Styles: Preferences in Cognition, Learning and Thinking. Springer: New York, NY.

Armstrong, S.J. (2011). Continuing our quest for meaningful impact on management practice. Academy of Management Learning and Education Journal, Vol 10, No 2, pp. 

Armstrong, S.J. & Fukami, C. (2010). Self assessment of knowledge: A cognitive learning or affective measure? – Perspectives from the management learning and education community. Academy of Management Learning and Education Journal, Vol 9, No 2, pp. 335-342 

Armstrong, S.J. & Fukami, C. (2009) Handbook of Management Learning, Education and Development. Sage: London

Peterson, E., Rayner, S.G., & Armstrong, S.J. (2009). The Psychology of Cognitive Style and Learning Styles: Is there really a future? Learning and Individual Differences Journal, Vol 19, No 4, pp 518-523. 

Armstrong, S.J. & Hird, A. (2009). Cognitive style and entrepreneurial drive of new and mature business owner managers. Journal of Business and Psychology, Vol 24, No 4, pp419-430. 

Armstrong, S.J., & Fukami, C. (2009). Past, Present and Future Perspectives of Management Learning, Education and Development. In S.J. Armstrong & C. Fukami (Eds.) Handbook of Management Learning, Education & Development. Sage: London. Pp 1-22. 

Armstrong, S.J., & Cools, E. (2009). Cognitive style and its relevance for management practice and organizational behaviour: A review of developments over the past two decades and recommendations for future research. In L. Zhang & R. Sternberg’s Perspectives on the Nature of Intellectual Styles. Springer: New York, NY. Pp253-290. 

Fukami, C. V., & Armstrong, S.J. (2009). The Scholarship of Management Education and Development: Past, present and future perspectives. In C. Wankel & R. DeFillippi (Eds.) Being and Becoming a Management Education Scholar. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing Inc. 

Armstrong, S. & Sadler-Smith, E. (2008). Learning on demand, at your own pace, in rapid bite-sized-chunks: The future shape of management development? Academy of Management Learning and Education Journal, Vol 7, No 4.

Armstrong, S.J. & Mahmud, A. (2008). Experiential Learning and the Acquisition of Managerial Tacit Knowledge. Academy of Management Learning and Education Journal, Vol 7, No 2, pp189-208.

Priola, V., Smith, J. & Armstrong, S.J. (2004). Group-work and cognitive style: A discursive investigation. Small Group Research, Vol 35, No 5, 2004, pp565-595.

Armstrong, S.J., Allinson, C.W., & Hayes, J. (2004). The effects of cognitive style on research supervision: a study of student-supervisor dyads in management education. Academy of Management Learning and Education Journal, Vol 3, No 1, 2004, pp41-63. 


Armstrong, S.J.(2004). The impact of supervisors' cognitive styles on the quality of research supervision in anagement education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol 74, No 4, pp599-616. 

Hayes, J., Allinson, C.W., & Armstrong, S.J. (2004). Intuition, Women Managers and Gendered Stereotypes. Personnel Review, Vol 33, No 3, pp403-417. 

Armstrong, S.J., Allinson, C.W., & Hayes, J. (2002). Formal mentoring systems: An examination of the effects of mentor-protege cognitive styles on the mentoring process. Journal of Management Studies, Vol 39, (8), pp1111-1137.

Armstrong, S.J., & Priola, V. (2001). Individual differences in cognitive style and their effects on task and social orientations of self-managed work-teams. Small Group Research, Vol 32, (3), pp283-312. 

Allinson, C.W., Armstrong, S.J., Hayes, J. (2001). The effects of cognitive style on leader-member exchange: a study of manager-subordinate dyads. Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology, Vol 74, (2), pp201-220. 

Armstrong, S.J. (2000). The influence of individual cognitive style on performance in management education. Educational Psychology, Vol 20, No. 3., 2000, pp323-340.

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